Pigmentation treatment

Hyperpigmentation refers to patches on the skin that becomes darker as compared to the surrounding areas. Burns, bruises, acne, rashes, or other trauma to the skin cause the production of more melanin. The main two reasons for skin pigmentation are sun exposure and hormonal changes. Hormonal changes are very common during pregnancy and some medicines can lead to side effects as well. One of the major side-effects is pigmentation and also sun exposure can lead to pigmentation, especially on the areas directly exposed like hands, face, and necks.

Cosmetic procedures- some cosmetic procedures can lighten the areas of the skin to reduce the appearance and visibility of hyperpigmentation.

  • Laser therapy
  • Chemical peels
  • Intense pulse light

Causes of hyperpigmentation

  • Sun exposure
  • Skin inflammation
  • Melasma
  • Reactions to drug use
  • Medical conditions
  • Melasma in pregnancy

Treatment of hyperpigmentation

Hyperpigmentation is usually harmless and doesn’t require any treatment at all. It is a common skin condition and there are several treatment options available to do so. The treatment options include

  • Face acids
  • Retinoids
  • Chemical peel
  • Laser peel/ skin resurfacing
  • Intense pulse light therapy (IPL)
  • Microdermabrasion
  • Dermabrasion
  • Lightening creams
  • Sunscreens
  • Meso-therapy
  • Micro-needling
  • Photodynamic treatment

Skin tone usually plays a major role in deciding which treatment option will be best based on which the intensity and length of the pigmentation treatments depend. Fair skin tone responds well with all treatment options and tan or darker skin with high beam lasers and IPL therapy and medium skin tone will be helpful with chemical peels and microdermabrasion. Darker skin might benefit from glycolic acid, kojic acid, OTC lightening creams, microdermabrasion, lower-strength chemical peels, and laser treatments but only when used at low intensities over a large number of sessions.

Topical treatment options might take longer than usual procedures to provide better visible results. Patience is the key to any treatment option.